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Desir du Maroc: Carte d'identité

Carte d'identité



Carte du Maroc
Cliquez sur la carte pour agrandir

Capitale : Rabat.
Superficie : 710 500 km².
Religion : Islam.
Pays frontaliers : Algérie et Mauritanie.
Monnaie : le dirham marocain (10 DH = 1€).
Langues : arabe (officielle), berbère, français, espagnol.
Fête nationale : 31 juillet (fête du trône).
Population : 32,2 millions (2004).
50% a moins de 20 ans, 70% a moins de 30 ans.
Taux d'urbanisation > 50%.
Densité : 65 hab./km².
Espérance de vie : 67 ans.
Taux de chômage : 20%.
Taux d'alphabétisation : 52%.
Régime politique : monarchie constitutionnelle.
Chef de l'état
: Le roi Mohammed VI.
PIB
: 128 milliards de $ en 2003.
Croissance : + 6% par rapport à 2002.
PNB p/ hab. : 4000 $.
Principales activités : agriculture, extraction de minerai, tourisme, pêche...
Poids et mesure
: système métrique.
Electricité : 220 V à 50 HZ.
Calendrier de l'Hégire : l'an 1 correspond à l'an 622 ap. JC.
Fuseau horaire : GMT
Indicatifs téléphoniques : + 212 (exemple : si le n° au Maroc est le 055 61 34 60, je dois composer le n° 00 212 55 61 34 60 depuis la France).
Climat
: méditerranéen au nord, océanique à l'ouest, continental à l'intérieur des terres et saharien au sud.
Géographie
: 4 chaînes de montagne : le Rif (2548m), le Moyen Atlas (3190m), le Haut Atlas (4167m) et l'Anti Atlas (2530m).
Mer et Océan : Océan Atlantique (2900 km de côtes) et Mer Méditerranée (500 km).
Désert du Sahara : moins de 100mm de précipitations par an.
Tourisme : 8% du PIB, 3 millions de visiteurs par an.